Principles of Ninjutsu
Junan taiso – methods of flexibility and breathing
Junan taiso is the methods by which the Ninjutsu practitioner may develop and maintain good physical condition and well being. The yoga-like stretching and breathing exercises form a core part of all training sessions.
Ken jurrupo – striking techniques
- Kuden: seiken,ninoken,myoken
The kihon happo is made up of eight techniques that allow the student to practise many of the basics of taijutsu. Body movement, locks and throws are covered as well as basic break falls.
The techniques of the San Shin represent the five elements of the Godai and emphasise the feelings of each. These elements are Chi, Sui, Ka, Fu and Ku and are Earth, Water Fire, Wind and Void (Sky/Universe) respectively.
- Ko Ashi
- ‘Small Step.’ Used to move silently through shallow water or leaves.
- Yoko Aruki
- ‘Sideways Walking.’ For moving through shadows and tight passageways.
- Nuki Ashi
- ‘Sweeping Step.’ Used to move over planks or matting with complete control.
The Five Manifestations
- Earth – a solid state, a natural posture.
- Water – a liquid state, a defensive posture.
- Fire – an energy releasing state, an offensive posture
- Wind – a gaseous state, a receiving posture
- Void – subatomic energy, potential, the substance from which things take form.
The Five Weaknesses
The five weaknesses are based upon the manifestations above and link to the basic traits that an individual may exhibit. The Ninja was expert in observing these traits and exploiting them for his/her own ends.
The Five Needs
The Ninja was also able to exploit the needs of an adversary. In doing so it was possible to manipulate events and have debts repaid. The Ninja could then be at the centre of activity yet remain hidden.